Salton Sea Glossary
Definitions of Important Terms
Terms for Air
Air The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth’s gravity. Wikipedia
AQI Air Quality Index
CO Carbon Monoxide
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide
Ozone (O3) is a highly reactive gas composed of three oxygen atoms. It is both a natural and a man-made product that occurs in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. (the stratosphere) and the lower atmosphere (the troposphere). Depending on where it is in the atmosphere, ozone affects life on Earth in either good or bad ways. EPA.gov
PM 10 Particulate matter ≤ 10 micrometer in diameter. By way of comparison, a human hair is about 100 micrometers, so roughly 40 fine particles could be placed on its width.
PM 2.5 Particulate matter ≤ 2.5 micrometer in diameter. By way of comparison, a human hair is about 100 micrometers, so roughly 40 fine particles could be placed on its width.
TOC Toxic Air Contaminants
Ug/m3 Micrograms per cubic meter
VOC Volatile Organic Compounds
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gases from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects. Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors (up to ten times higher) than outdoors. VOCs are emitted by a wide array of products numbering in the thousands.
Organic chemicals are widely used as ingredients in household products. Paints, varnishes and, wax all contain organic solvents, as do many cleaning, disinfecting, cosmetic, degreasing and hobby products. Fuels are made up of organic chemicals. All of these products can release organic compounds while you are using them, and, to some degree, when they are stored.
EPA’s Office of Research and Development’s “Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (TEAM) Study” (Volumes I through IV, completed in 1985) found levels of about a dozen common organic pollutants to be 2 to 5 times higher inside homes than outside, regardless of whether the homes were located in rural or highly industrial areas. TEAM studies indicated that while people are using products containing organic chemicals, they can expose themselves and others to very high pollutant levels, and elevated concentrations can persist in the air long after the activity is completed.
All other terms A-Z
A condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe.
More than 3 million US cases per year
Treatable by a medical professional
Requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging often required
Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Asthma can be minor, or it can interfere with daily activities. In some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening attack.
Asthma may cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough, and wheezing. The symptoms may sometimes flare-up.
Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms (albuterol) and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms (steroids). Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open (formoterol, salmeterol, tiotropium), as well as oral steroids.
Consult a doctor for medical advice
Sources: Mayo Clinic and others. Learn more
AB 617 The Assembly Bill (Garcia, 2017) behind the CARB’s Community Air Protection Program (CAPP or Program) a new community-focused action framework for community protection
AB 134 Assembly Bill – Safe Drinking Water Restoration (Bloom, Rendon, 2017)
BACM best available control measure (BACM) In pollution control, BACM refers to the measures which, according to the local environmental safety guidelines, are most effective for controlling small, dispersed particulate and other emissions.
BLM Bureau of Land Management
Bond In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders. The most common types of bonds include municipal bonds and corporate bonds. (Wiki)
CAL-SPAN Web-streaming full-coverage of California state meetings
CAPP Community Air Protection Program
CARB California Air Resources Board
CIG Conservation Innovation Grants
CNRA California Natural Resources Agency
COEE Community Outreach Education & Engagement
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CWB California Water Board
DOI .U.S. Department of the Interior
EDF. Environmental Defense Fund
EIFD .Enhanced Infrastructure Financing District
EIS/EIR Environmental Impact Study/Environmental Impact Report
HARC .Health Assessment and Research for Communities
IID. Imperial Irrigation District
IVAN Identifying Violations Affecting Neighborhoods
KDI .Kounkuey Design Institute
MOU .Memorandum of Understanding. See DOI & CNRA
NRCS. Natural Resources Conservation Service, a service of USDA
PEF Peak Expiratory Flow, a measure of open airways
PI Pacific Institute. The Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security is an American non-profit research institute created in 1987 to provide independent research and policy analysis on issues of development, environment, and security, with a particular focus on global and regional freshwater issues. It is located in Oakland, California.
PPA Power Purchase Agreement
QSA Quantitative Settlement Agreement
QSA JPA The Quantification Settlement Agreement Joint Powers Authority is comprised of the Imperial Irrigation District, Coachella Valley Water District, San Diego County Water Authority, and the state of California to pay for environmental mitigation of the Salton Sea.
Sierra Club An environmental organization founded by John Muir
SC AQMD South Coast Air Quality Management District
SCH Species Conservation Habitat
SGMA Sustainable Groundwater Management Act
SSA Salton Sea Authority
SSAC Salton Sea Action Committee
SSKGRA Salton Sea Known Geothermal Resource Area
SSMP Salton Sea Management Plan, California Natural Resources Agency (CNRA)
SSRF Salton Sea Restoration Fund
UCRC Upper Colorado River Commission
USBR Bureau of Reclamation
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
U.S. EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
USMCA U.S.-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement
WEF Water Education Foundation